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Easter Island: The statues that Walk

As for the statues, the most fantastic advance that they would be the work of aliens, no one can understand how they were transported from the only career where all were cut, and where many of them stand, unfinished, as if overnight, the creators must have been desperate to leave .

Last date and brilliant theory, one made ??in 2005 by the American Jared Diamond in his best-seller worldwide, Collapses . The scientist postulates that the Easter Islanders, arrived between 400 and 800 AD, would have quickly found redundant in the island, above the critical level of 10 000. As proof, he said, the very large number of Moai erected around the perimeter of Rapa Nui. A prestigious competition to the largest and heaviest statues would have opposed the tribes island. Tranport them lying down would have required more and more logs, so trees and men, and thus, Rapa Nui would have been deforested. She would have known hunger, war, and civilization would have collapsed after total destruction of its environment. Blame the indigenous, so …

Cristian Moreno Pakarati is far from sharing this view. The man knows whereof he speaks. In recent years, identity has been Rapa Nui, as many indigenous cultures, a start. She now proudly asserts, including tattooing rituals, again worn by the youth of the island. And like many people first, the Rapa Nui now produce their own elites.

Emblematic of this tidal wave, Cristian, 27, is the first Aboriginal graduate historian of the island. For him, no doubt as to the origin of the Polynesian islanders: “If there has been contact between Polynesia and South America – the cultivation of sweet potato, native to America, certifies, and that at least one archaeological site recently discovered south of the Chilean coast – we are more likely to come from the Marquesas Islands. The language of DNA and contribute strongly to this conclusion. As for Jared Diamond, I do not believe his story of collapse . Just because no one has ever cut trees to carry the moais. Oral tradition relates that they walked to their destination, and that’s probably true ” .

Market? This is the view of Terry Hunt , a professor of anthropology at the University of Hawaii and Carl Lipo , Professor, Department of Anthropology at the University of Long Beach , California. For over ten years, the two men relentlessly questioning the basement of Rapa Nui. And the sum of their findings, published these days in the U.S. under the title The statues that walk (freepress) was flying apart everything we thought we know on the island. To begin with the date of settlement.

“We wanted to validate that generally advanced: 800 AD But to our surprise, we found nothing here that is older than 1200 AD We have therefore concluded that the corrections to be made ??to previous datings were defective. This proved to be the case ” .

As Cristian Moreno Pakarati, Hunt and Lipo next turned their attention to the oral tradition on the moais . Why were they finished up? Why more than half of them are they never reached their destination, breaking into several pieces during transport? “Those who had fallen into lay still mounted on the back.

In the raids, they face against earth. We returned the problem in all directions. There is only one possible solution: they were transported standing as large refrigerators. With the strings, making them rip, fifteen people could make the job. Of course, there were failures. Hence the falls. But the oral tradition was right, the moais walked! So, no need 10 to 20 000 for transport . Diamond crashed! We even think that the prone position was inconsistent with the sacred nature of moais. Among the Polynesians, the seat of Mana is the head. Lying, you lose ” .

And deforestation, then? Blame the rats came from Polynesia on boats and crazy about Easter Island palm seeds, advancing Hunt and Lipo. Even better, this deforestation has fostered a culture of sweet potato. In the end, there would never have been more than 3 000 to 4 000 inhabitants in Rapa Nui and the island have always been the food . Yes, but wars, cannibalism? Again, the oral tradition still retains little memory, which is somewhat strange considering the weight of such a traumatic event. “And you have gnawed human bones, sucking, scraped, to prove that there is was cannibalism. weapons, remains of fortifications, skeletons with signs of injury to be a war. During our ten years of intensive research, we found nothing of this. Only bodies with signs of ball. ”

But in this case, what the Rapa Nui have to their near extinction? “Think, meets Hunt, malicious . When Roggeveen, the first foreigner, landed in 1722, he met a prosperous people, standing in his culture. Two generations Later, when the Spaniards returned, this is the disaster. Our hypothesis is that the diseases brought by the Dutch swept the island. Epidemics caused by the arrival of Europeans were the leading cause of death related to the discovery of lands and new peoples. Natives were not immune ” . So the shock microbial auxiliary involuntary vast movement of conquest initiated by Europe from the Renaissance, which must be attributed the collapse of the Easter Island civilization. Relieved, the Rapa Nui discover in the end, they never were accomplices of ecocide, and even less of their own destruction.

By : Patric




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